Polanco has not played since July 4 because of inflammation in his lower back. He is 0 for 15 this month and missed Tuesday's All-Star game.
Polanco is hitting .274 with four homers and 39 RBIs. His move is retroactive to July 5. Wilson Valdez and Michael Martinez will likely fill in for the NL East leaders.
Worley was recalled from Triple-A Lehigh Valley to start Friday night against the Mets. The rookie is 4-1 with a 2.20 ERA for Philadelphia.
Madson had been on the DL since June 28, a month after a liner hit him in the right hand and caused a bruise. He is 3-1 with 15 saves and a 2.03 ERA.