The retrospective at the Victoria and Albert Museum will also feature Bowie's instruments, 60 costumes, sketches, hand-written lyrics, diary entries and album artwork.
Organizers said Tuesday the show, called "David Bowie Is," will chronicle Bowie's influence on art and culture and his role in inspiring self-expression.
The items on display are from the David Bowie Archive in New York. The exhibition opens in March 2013.
The 65-year-old Bowie, who now lives in the U.S., was born David Robert Jones in 1947 in south London. He adopted his stage name in 1965.