The Federal Judicial Council says in a statement that the judge rejected Guzman's petition because the U.S. government hasn't filed an extradition request. If the U.S. does file a request, Guzman will be free to go back to court to seek an injunction.
The council also said Wednesday that Guzman faces organized crime and drug trafficking charges in five different Mexican federal courts. The Mexican government has said he will not be extradited soon to the U.S., where he has been indicted in several states.
Guzman was arrested last month after 13 years as a fugitive since escaping from prison. He is being held in Mexico's highest-security prison.