Penske attorneys said Castroneves is under contract with them for 2009 and must be available exclusively for all races.
Castroneves' lawyer said it would be "catastrophic" for him to lose his job and that "a presumed innocent defendant should not face the prospect of losing his career based solely on the return of an indictment," according to court documents. Additionally, one of Castroneves' attorneys had a scheduling conflict in an unrelated case.
The U.S. Attorney's office said it would respond to the motion in court.
Castroneves, a two-time Indianapolis 500 winner who also won the 2007 TV "Dancing with the Stars" competition, is charged with conspiracy and tax evasion. He's accused of dodging U.S. taxes on about $5.5 million in income using offshore accounts. He has pleaded not guilty and is free on $10 million bail.
His sister and business manager, Katiucia, and attorney, Alan R. Miller, were also indicted. Both have pleaded not guilty.