The Owls won a share of the Eastern division crown and can clinch a spot in the MAC title game by beating Ohio University on Friday night.
Brown replaced star running back Bernard Pierce, who left the game with a shoulder injury.
Temple, which scored 38 straight points in the second half after trailing 10-9, won its ninth straigth win - a school record. The Owls (9-2, 7-0) have their best record since going 10-2 in 1979, the year of their last bowl appearance.
Kent State (5-6, 4-4) quarterback Spencer Keith left the game with a shoulder injury, but connected with Kendrick Pressley for a 6-yard touchdown pass, their only time reaching the end zone.