Carl D. Davis filed the lawsuit in Alabama this week. He claims he paid T.I.'s agents more than $50,000 to appear at the May concert, but the performer was a no-show.
Davis says he suffered chest pains, nausea, emotional distress and hospitalization after T.I, whose real name is Clifford Harris Jr., didn't show.
A judge in Atlanta last week ordered the Grammy-winning rap artist back to prison for 11 months for violating his supervised release on federal weapons charges.
An attorney who has represented T.I. in the past didn't immediately return a telephone message.