Thirty-one-year-old Alina Treiger was born in Ukraine and came to Germany in 2002 after studying music in Moscow. Once ordained, she will oversee Jewish communities in Lower Saxony in eastern Germany.
Treiger told Germany's ZDF television before her ordination Thursday that she recognizes the Holocaust is part of German Jews' past, but hopes Jews can identify with the positive experiences they have today.
The German-Jewish community ordained its first female rabbi, Regina Jonas, in 1935. She was killed in Auschwitz in 1944.
Today around 200,000 Jews live in Germany, more than half of whom came after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.