The Republican governor can sign legislation banning fracking, veto the bill or return it to the Legislature with recommended changes.
Christie has not indicated what he plans to do.
The measure is largely symbolic. Experts say there's not enough natural gas under New Jersey to drill for.
Sen. Bob Gordon, the bill sponsor, says the ban is needed anyway to protect water supplies.
In hydraulic fracturing, drillers pump water, sand and chemicals underground to create fissures in rock, freeing up natural gas.
The federal government is studying whether fracking hurts water quality. Industry officials say it doesn't.