While the markets anticipated late last week that some sort of rescue was likely, investors appeared emboldened by the U.S. government's decision late Sunday to invest $20 billion in Citigroup and guarantee $306 billion in risky assets. The move by the Treasury Department, the Federal Reserve and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. is only the latest effort this year to support a banking system troubled by bad debt and flagging confidence.
Besides implementing its $700 billion bailout plan for the overall financial industry, the government has bailed out insurance giant American International Group Inc. and taken over lenders Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Investors also cheered the idea that the government could introduce another economic stimulus plan. President-elect Obama is set to introduce his economic team on Monday, which is key to putting into place a huge economic recovery plan that targets saving or creating 2.5 million jobs during the next two years. A plan is expected to greatly exceed the $175 billion Obama proposed during the campaign.
The moves by the government to once again step in and help a troubled bank as well as the broader economy helped buoy investor sentiment and sent stock futures sharply higher. However, investors remain extremely cautious, knowing that the nation still faces a difficult economy and that the stock market will see ongoing volatility for some time.
Dow Jones industrial average futures rose 147, or 1.83 percent, to 8,183. Standard & Poor's 500 index futures rose 22.40, or 2.83 percent, to 814.40. Nasdaq 100 index futures rose 22.50, or 2.06 percent, to 1,113.50.
The rise in futures follows a market surge Friday that saw the Dow industrials jump 494 points, or 6.5 percent. The other major indexes also rose sharply. Still, for the week, stocks ended lower after heavy selling Wednesday and Thursday.
Bond prices were mixed early Monday as investors examined the government's bailout plan for Citigroup. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note, which moves opposite its price, rose to 3.24 percent from 3.20 percent late Friday.
The Treasury bill market showed continuing high demand, a sign of investors' caution. The yield on the three-month T-bill, considered one of the safest investments, fell to 0.03 percent from 0.04 percent late Friday.
The dollar was mixed against other major currencies, while gold prices rose.
In economic news, The National Association of Realtors is expected to report that sales of existing homes fell 2.5 percent in October as the economy weakened further and as the stock market tumbled.
Sales are expected to fall to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.05 million units for October, a decline from 5.18 million units in September, according to economists surveyed by Thomson Reuters. The report is due at 10 a.m. EST.
In corporate news, health care company Johnson & Johnson said Monday it would acquire Omrix Biopharmaceuticals Inc. for $438 million. The move is aimed at expanding J&J's surgical product unit; J&J will pay $25 per share for the company, an 18 percent premium over Omrix's close Friday of $21.16.
Overseas, Hong Kong's Hang Seng index fell 1.59 percent; markets in Japan were closed for a holiday. In afternoon trading, Britain's FTSE 100 rose 4.39 percent, Germany's DAX index rose 3.72 percent, and France's CAC-40 rose 4.49 percent.
On the Net:
New York Stock Exchange: http://www.nyse.com
Nasdaq Stock Market: http://www.nasdaq.com