Leaders of both parties in the Senate and of the House Democratic caucus described the nearly $28 billion budget as a compromise that draws $2.1 billion from one-time sources such as the state's "rainy day" contingency fund but also addresses longer-term revenue needs.
"People on both extremes of points of view surrounding this budget will find fault in what we're agreeing to today, but the people of Pennsylvania have waited long enough for a budget, and this represents a fair middle ground," said Senate Majority Leader Dominic Pileggi, R-Delaware.
House Speaker Keith McCall, D-Carbon, apologized to state residents for the length of the budget impasse, currently at 73 days.
"The people of Pennsylvania deserve better, but the reality is that it did take a coming together; it took a lot of hard work and a lot of hours by a lot of people," McCall said.
Supporters highlighted that the deal would not require raising broad-based taxes on income or retail sales. It pumps an additional $300 million into the basic public-school subsidy, and includes about $1.2 billion in recurring revenue designed to combat projected shortfalls in future years.
Pennsylvania has been without a comprehensive budget since the fiscal year began July 1 and is the last state still fighting over its annual spending plan.
It may take a week or more to pass the various pieces of legislation the deal requires, and opposition from Rendell and the House Republicans make the outcome far from certain. A six-member conference committee expected to take it up Monday and send it to each chamber for an up-or-down vote.
House Minority Leader Sam Smith, R-Jefferson, said his members oppose the proposed tax increases, as well as the overall size of the spending. He could not remember a budget agreement announcement that did not involve all four caucuses and the governor, he said.
"It's unique on two fronts, what happened today," Smith said.
The deal calls for an increase in the capital stock and franchise tax rate paid by businesses to raise $374 million in the current year. It also assumes the introduction of table games such as poker at slots casinos will bring in $200 million this year.
It would draw additional revenue from a tax amnesty program, a quarter-a-pack cigarette tax increase and a new tax on and higher payouts from the small games of chance often used as fundraisers by fire departments and other groups.
The plan also would generate new revenue by expanding drilling for natural gas on state-owned land, which Jan Jarrett, president of the Harrisburg-based environmental group Citizens for Pennsylvania's Future, called "a big sweetheart deal to the multi-national gas drilling industry."
Rendell administration officials said leasing more forestland may take time and raises questions about how much land would be available and whether there is enough demand amid rock-bottom gas prices.
Details about which programs were sustaining cuts were not immediately available, but legislative leaders said they were braced for complaints.
"There will be a lot of people who will be banging on our doors, not happy with where we're at," said Sen. Jay Costa of Allegheny County, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Appropriations Committee and a key budget negotiator.
Steve Crawford, Rendell's chief of staff, said the administration estimates the plan is about $500 million out of balance and would create a $1 billion-plus deficit next year.
"It has a way to go, and it is troublesome that there would be a news conference announcing a deal based on numbers that just don't add up," Crawford said.
The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reported that Rendell, in Pittsburgh, said Friday he will tell lawmakers he "absolutely" plans to veto it.
"If they override it, they override it," Rendell said. "They pay the price next year when there's a billion (dollar) deficit."
In response, Pileggi said the Senate intended to honor the budget deal.
"I'm confident that after some reflection, the governor will realize that Pennsylvanians have waited long enough for a budget, and he will be able to set aside his ideological differences and support this bipartisan, bicameral compromise," he said.
The fate of so-called "walking-around money" was unclear. The annual spending that lawmakers control, also referred to as WAMs, has been a target of critics who see it as a way to direct money to pet projects without going through the more traditional appropriations process.
Both Costa and Appropriations Chairman Jake Corman, R-Centre, declined to comment on the fate of WAMs, and leaders ignored a question on the topic during their group news conference Friday.